Blepharoplasty is the medical jargon of what is better known as an eye-lift. The blepharoplasty surgery is an eye-lid surgery which enhances the appearance of the upper and lower eyelids and rejuvenates the surrounding area, giving it a more rested and alert look.
The cosmetic eyelid surgery can make a difference in various areas like removal of excess fatty deposits that appears as puffiness, treatment of saggy or loose skin disturbing the natural curve of eyelid and sometimes impairing vision, removal of wrinkles and excess skin, eye bags and puffiness removal and correction of droopiness of the eyelids.
A right candidate for eye lift (blepharoplasty) is the one who has healthy facial muscles and tissues, without grave illnesses or medical conditions that can impair healing, no serious eye conditions, non-smokers, one having a positive outlook and specific goals and a realistic goal for enhancement of the eye area, rather than trying to fit an ideal image. One should always inform the doctor prior to the surgery, about the presence of eye diseases like detached retina, dry eye or glaucoma, overactive thyroid or disorders like Grave's disease or cardiovascular disease, circulatory disorders, diabetes or high blood pressure.
Blepharoplasty procedure firstly involves marking the area of excess skin and fat bulges surrounding the eye. After administering anesthesia, an incision is made in the natural crease of the lid for the removal of excess skin. The excess fat is removed or relocated and the incision is then closed by the sutures. The scare from incision fades gradually with time. Removal of lower eyelid fat without scars and stitches but no removal of excess skin is called transconjunctival blepharoplasty. The external skin resurfacing is done simultaneously with a carbon dioxide laser or a chemical peel. This also helps in faster blepharoplasty recovery.
Final blapharoplasty recovery with stable results may take several months, while the initial recovery of swelling and bruising may take 1-2 weeks. Factors such as anatomy of the eyelids, adjacent tissues, and age and skin quality play a significant role affecting the functional and cosmetic outcomes.